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The Buzz

What You Need to Know About Turtle Mating Season

(Photo courtesy of Kevin Keyes)

Spring brings with it a flurry of activity among wildlife, and turtles are no exception. In fact, turtle mating season is just around the corner, with many turtles laying eggs between mid-May and early July.

While turtles spend much of their lives in water, right about now is when we start seeing turtles on land. That's because all turtles must nest on land, and this time of year is when they begin scouting out nesting locations and then, in a week or two, making their way to nests to lay eggs, said Glen Buckner, the Forest Preserve's District's wildlife biologist.

"Anywhere we have permanent water, we have turtles," he said.

That means most all the preserves have turtles within them. Some are even known as good places for turtle watching. One particularly good spot is the pond at Hickory Creek Junction. There's a bench right at the edge of the pond where people can sit and watch them, Buckner said.

At this time of year, turtle nests can often been seen along the trails at the preserves. The nests are typically flask-shaped holes, which the females scoop out of the soft ground with their back feet, according to the Illinois Department of Natural Resources.

Most of the 17 turtle species in Illinois lay oval-shaped eggs, but snapping turtles and softshell turtles lay spherical eggs, IDNR reports. Small turtles like the spotted turtle may only lay three to five eggs, but larger species, like snappers, can lay as many as 40 eggs in their nests. 

Because turtle nesting season is upon us, visitors should be mindful of them when driving on roadways in and around the preserves and in the preserve parking lots, where turtles are a common sight.

This time of year can be a dangerous time for turtles, particularly turtles that cross our roadways. They are famously slow, and our cars are not. In fact, being hit by cars is a significant mortality risk for turtles, IDNR reports. 

At this time of year, it's a good idea to keep your eyes peeled for turtles on area roads. Slow down and safely go around the turtle if you see one. Better yet, help it get across the road safely, but only if it's safe for you to do so.

If at all possible, allow the turtle to cross the road on its own. If it's safe for you to move the turtle and safest for the turtle to be removed from a high-traffic area, pick it up by both sides of the shell, just behind the front legs.


Many turtles will pull their legs and heads in when picked up, but if they don't they may be able to kick at you, the Turtle Rescue League advises. When carrying a turtle, keep it low to the ground to prevent a big fall if it kicks loose or you drop it.

One important tip when moving a turtle off a roadway: Always move it in the direction it was traveling, even if it seems to be moving away from the water source where it lives, Buckner said. 

"It's just going to go back across again," he said of turtles moved in the opposite direction of where they were  heading. 

A word of caution for good Samaritans who move turtles out of harm's way: They may scratch or bite, and they will likely urinate on you, IDNR reports. Wear gloves and long sleeves if you have any available.

You should never pick up a turtle by its tail, because it can injure the animal. And always wash your hands with soap and hot water after handling a turtle.

Snapping turtles and softshell turtles are both aggressive, so they are best left alone, Buckner said. Softshell turtles don't like to be handled, and they have long necks that can easily reach around and bite their handlers.

If you must pick up a snapping turtle, here's a video from the Toronto Zoo outlining the proper steps to take.

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